Also, during humid and hot weather, gouache dries almost instantly, so you will have to keep spraying with water to keep the paint wet. Soiling. They certainly wouldn’t have been able to market it as such for so long. In 1963, Liquitex started manufacturing “Heavy Body” acrylics. She has written for art magazines blogs, edited how-to art titles, and co-authored travel books. Typically these streaks have a slight yellowish tint, which is released from the paint ingredients. This paint can be opaque, can be more like a watercolor, colored pencil write on … Even with well ventilated bathrooms, streaks in water-based paint is still very common. Even though this is thrilling and exciting, to a certain extent you may start to feel a bit nervous. Another common problem is using the wrong style of brush. Help! This begs the questions, is bullet journaling a waste of time? This will help dry floors faster. Gouache is a fast-drying medium and has the ability to reactivate, this gives the beginner sufficient time to learn the skill of layering and leaves you with a beautiful matte finish without any streaks. A year later, they create “soft-body” acrylics. Streaks occur because the paint has had time to start drying. I can’t tell you the number of times I got inspired by seeing an artwork done in gouache that made me want to begin immediately with this medium. In watercolour the tiny particles of pigment become enmeshed in the fibre of the paper; in gouache the colour lies on the surface of the paper, forming a continuous layer, or coating. Acrylic Painting Tutorials And Tips That Are Perfect For Beginners. Learning these tips and tricks from others will only be beneficial to you and help you make further progress. The one on the right has a typical texture: an even, fairly close grain. See the two slices of lemon cake above? Sometimes streaks work in your favor and artists want to take advantage of that and work with it. For rich, darker colours, you might need to buy gouache. It's very easy for artists to get stuck with a single paint and sometimes we fear change. There are two primary reasons that carpets have streaks after cleaning: soiling and wicking. Start by checking that you're using an opaque color, not a transparent one. Whether you call them streaks, Snapstreaks, or Snapchat streaks, streaks simply indicate how continuously and regularly two people have messaged each other on Snapchat.. For some users, streaks are a barometer of the health of a friendship, with the end of a streak taken very personally. If you are staining an object large enough that you won’t have time to get the excess wiped off without leaving streaks, seek a second person to help. More expensive brands of gouache are less streaky, and yield better coverage than the cheaper brands. Take my word for it. To find out how to correct streaks you need to know what caused them in the first place. However, the usual brushes you will need are round, flat, liner, filbert but you can make do with what you already have. Ink streaks and faded bands, white streaks, missing colors, and blank lines are some of the most common issues seen with inkjet printers. You might have come across this popular painting medium and curious to start painting with gouache after seeing so many fantastic artworks being produced. I used to paint the same pain as before, but with white, and now it's not streaky anymore. Every painting medium has its own challenges but that doesn’t necessarily mean it’s a bad thing. I am going to mix my gouache with a small amount of water for this. Streaking can also occur if you use too much water during passes. This guide will hopefully show you the ropes around gouache and things you need to be aware of. It’s not typically recommended to varnish gouache since this can affect the matte finish as well as the overall colors of the painting. Ever since I discovered bullet journaling, painting, and drawing my obsession runs deep. We are compensated for referring traffic and business to Amazon and other companies linked to on this site. Another technique to try is to blend the paint by going over it with a very large, soft brush before it's completely dry. Using gouache, you can bring back the lights which are a huge benefit if you’re been working with watercolors for some time now. Before you rush ahead to grab your set of gouache paints, here’s a guide that may answer some of your questions and make you aware of things you might not have known about gouache. If you're struggling with streaks, try one of these techniques to see if it fixes the issue. The best thing you can do as a beginner artist is to learn color mixing and have ready swatches of your paints available so you’re never clueless before starting. Yes, you can! Where heavier deposits of paint occur off the edge of the roller, streaks will be evident. I mean it wouldn’t be a very good window cleaner if it did now would it? This is a unique medium that marries the smoothness of watercolors with the texture of chalk. Thankfully I only did a few last night. Comment document.getElementById("comment").setAttribute( "id", "ab901af7ed25529ac5682becdb512ea0" );document.getElementById("eee9910cc2").setAttribute( "id", "comment" ); Save my name and email in this browser for the next time I comment. Just by doing these few things, you can easily make sure that even cheap brushes will last longer. Remember to look for opaque colors. 2021 is my transitional year. I bought cheap paint. The texture should not be too watery or too thick but a milk-like consistency is perfect to use. As an experiment, buy a single tube of a high-quality paint and test it out against the paints you already have. Related Post: Should I Learn To Draw Before Painting? I know how tempting it is after finishing a painting and you feel like you’ve reached that peak and the last thing you want to do is clean all those brushes but in order to prolong the life of your brushes, it’s really important to take care of them. This can cause less than ideal results when you put them to canvas or paper. These I would place far above the cheap Marie's gouache (which seemed like a basic beginner's gouache--cheap, streaky, a little crumbly, and dries up way too fast in the tubes), but not as good as M. Graham, which makes perfect sense, given that M. Graham is an artist's grade gouache priced accordingly. Liquitex is an American art supply company that specializes in acrylic paints. Painting with any new medium can be challenging at first. Acrylics are an easy type of paint to work with, but they are not foolproof and you do need to pay attention to how you use them and which paint you choose. Student-grade and low-quality acrylic paints are often filled with more filler than professional-grade paints. The real reason why we included this one is our reviews is the awesome price. southern_bell_of_alabama need help to clarify doubt about : Why is my hoover steam cleaner leaving streaks on my carpet? Then, tap on the Start button and choose Control Panel. But I don't want it to be thick, streaky paint on a paper and you have to find somewhere in-between. The steam cleaner is only a year old, Is there anything I can do to fix it, besides throwing it on the side of the road. If your gouache looks streaky, this usually means the paint is too dry. This method, while more time consuming, is a guaranteed way to prevent black streaks from building up in your toilet for a while. Why Your Acrylic Paint Streaks. Its soft texture will help with easy applications and allow the paint to flow more smoothly. Sometimes you just don’t want them, they don’t look right, they are in the wrong place or they are just not your style. There are a few factors that may be working against you. Instead, choose just one or two of the pigments that you use most. A smooth wash requires uninterrupted brush strokes. Even within the pro-quality acrylics, you will find differences in workability and opacity. Image Source Gouache (Pronounce: Gwahsh) is an ancient artistic tool that can create amazingly unique calligraphy and works of art. However, with gouache, you can easily paint on just about any surface as long as the paper is thick enough to hold the paint and won’t lead to tearing when applying thick layers of paint. On the advice of the pastry chef at work (I'm a line cook but clueless about sweets), I heated some bittersweet chocolate in a double boiler to about 120F, then cooled it to just below body temperature before dipping. Gouache is made of pigments and binder, similar to … You don't have to make a big investment during your trials. Makes them streaky and hard to paint thin with. I highly recommend purchasing a cheap gouache set and learning to mix colors with that before diving into the more expensive artist grade paints. Here are some tips on how to avoid streaky watercolor washes: Be sure to mix up a generous quantity of paint for your wash. Running out of paint during a wash is bound to create problems. I'm trying to make an assortment of dried, chocolate dipped goodies--ginger, apricots, figs. ... (not just the streaky strokes you might see from doing a flat watercolor wash badly). Why is my paint streaky? The texture of the paint and piece will be different as well however, there is acrylic gouache that is available that will give you what you’re looking for. If none of the solutions above did the trick, it's time to look at the paint you're using. Want to know why? Is gouache better than acrylic? Then, select “Printer and Faxes” folder and double-click on it. Add a bit more water to get the right consistency but be aware that adding too much water could lead to it looking transparent like watercolors. Most binders and pigments are miscible. There are a few factors that may be working against you. Your email address will not be published. With the more experience you have with color mixing theory, you’ll be able to save more paint. First, confirm that your HP printer is switched on and connected with your computer. But that’s not the greatest benefit. Also don't put the paint on so thickly. Why Carpets Have Streaks after Cleaning. Before we begin, let’s answer the one main question that may be sitting on your mind. Brushes You Will Need When Painting With Gouache, 6 Main Differences Between Gouache and Watercolor Paint. Shampoo and soap residue is … Yet, if it's not working the way you want, there might be a better option out there. This exercise is also a great way to start to learn about how to control the consistency of gouache, I don't want it to have so much water that it's just like watercolors. Acrylics are an easy type of paint to work with, but they are not foolproof and you do need to pay attention to how you use them and which paint you choose. If you’re in a humid country, it will dry much faster but you can use a hairdryer to speed up the process. I should know better by now. I mean, starting any new medium you’ve never handled before can be stressful but if you manage to get these few basics down, using gouache will be a walk in the park. link to Acrylic Painting Tutorials And Tips That Are Perfect For Beginners. Gouache is definitely a medium worth trying out but may require some time and practice to truly experience its greatness. Required fields are marked *. Gouache, painting technique in which a gum or an opaque white pigment is added to watercolours to produce opacity. For someone seeking a nice gouache paint that can also be easily used a watercolor paint, the Madisi Gouache Paint is a splendid option. Since I made the bold move to end my tenure as a full-time graphic designer working on projects for clients, I knew I wanted to devote a portion of my studio practice to pure experimentation. Not to be discouraging, but gouache is one of the hardest paints I've ever learned. Gouache has larger particles as well as more pigment mixed in with the binder. It depends. It’s simple really. If your mix is transparent or streaky, you need to add a neutral material (go for titanium white). You can also mix a little of a strongly opaque color, such as titanium white or titanium buff, with the transparent color to produce a color that will spread more evenly. I didn't have to as most of my darker colours tolerated a bit of white, and my Irodori watercolours provided what I needed for the darker tones. It is described by many manufacturers as consisting of pigment and gum Arabic. As of writing, they sell variety of acrylic paints and mediums. That's the reason why, with wash very often, people will mix in white paint, especially if you have higher and white paint and cheaper other colors that really works amazingly well. The first coat will greatly seal the wall, allowing the finish coat to dry more evenly. I loaded them all at the same time with the same pipette. I guess they can be made to work better with the right paper, but to me, it's just not worth it. Now that you have the basics down, it’s a good idea to know some familiar techniques when painting with gouache that will make your experience easier. If the paint is drying faster than you can blend it, try using a larger brush or wetting the canvas before you paint (either with a brush or with a spray bottle). Use slow even strokes, clean your brush often and stir your paints often … So, you finally have the Gouache paint on hand but you’re probably left wondering, what kind of brushes do you need? Over here at BujoBabe, we are passionate and dedicated to sharing everything we know and love about bullet journals so you too can fall in love with journaling while exploring your creative side with painting and drawing! Your email address will not be published. Painting is a thrilling and exciting activity but even when you're armed and ready with a loaded paintbrush, it won't be surprised to discover that you're not sure how to go about painting... Bullet journaling can be quite a fun hobby but it does require some degree of investment in time and energy. Use a brush cleaner or soap to wash off the excess paint as soon as you finish painting. What Is It like to Use Watercolor Canvas. You're painting with acrylics and mixing the paint properly, but you're still getting streaks in your brush strokes. With watercolors, you have to use a good textured paper that is strong enough for the water to hold and when painting with gouache, a watercolor paper of at least 300 gsm is the perfect surface for you to use especially if you plan to use light washes. If the resulting color isn't intense enough, wait until it's dry and then glaze over it with the transparent color. Every painter has different styles and techniques, so what works great for your friend or instructor may not be the best for you. This is why paint manufacturers want you to do a primer and finish coat, or two coats of a paint/primer product. Many of the most common problems painters face with acrylics stem from the choice of paint. Depending on the size of your painting, you will need the basic brushes (synthetic or natural hair) but synthetic watercolor brushes are preferred when using gouache. So, keep that in mind when painting your lights and shadows or large flat areas. One of my fellow King Arthur Flour test bakers, Frank Tegethoff, recently called me into the test kitchen for show & tell. I haven’t done a long-term study on this but I am willing to use my pens on the acrylic gouache because if these 2 super fine tipped Pitt pens can survive, then I bet any pen of mine can. Having difficulty with light streaks or lines of white appearing on your printed photos or documents? Many stores sell bleach tablets that you can drop into the tank of the toilet, which keeps your toilet clean for around a month at at time. You might be the same. As we know, gouache has the ability to reactivate when water is introduced however if you find it challenging to apply multiple layers, it’s best to allow the layers to fully dry before applying another application. See also: 6 Main Differences Between Gouache and Watercolor Paint. A high-grade gouache like M. Graham will only have pigment, and that will work better for washes, but even then you should focus on opaque layers. Basically, gouache is an opaque type of watercolor, but that’s the simplified version. This is why paint manufacturers want you to do a primer and finish coat, or two coats of a paint/primer product. But the one on the left shows streaks – areas of dense, sodden cake. They will be flat and streaky. In fact, Liquitex created the first water-base acrylic paint and acrylic gesso back in 1955. link to Is Bullet Journaling A Waste of Time? However, do keep in mind that since you will be adding acrylic paints, this will now make it water-resistant which means you cannot reactivate a previous layer and it dries instantly. Buying expensive painting supplies can make you feel really nervous to waste the paint but one thing I’ve noticed is that when mixing specific colors, it’s so easy to go wrong and you end up scrapping the paint. Here’s a few easy tips for you to try: If this is your first time painting with gouache, try painting something small like fruits or a basic round ball. This is the primary step to solve HP printer streaks when printing easily. Instead of buying up an expensive gouache set, I settled with an assortment of Artist’s Loft tubes. It may take some time and practice for you to find what works for you but keep experimenting and eventually, you’ll find the right consistency. The tube should tell you or you can test it for yourself. LiveAbout uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Also, learning from online sources and tutorials will give you a new insight into how specific things are done by other artists that will make you more knowledgeable when you’re painting. For instance, with acrylics, once a layer is dried, it’s dried. Keep practicing and don’t give up even when a painting doesn’t turn out the way you would have liked. Gouache is only challenging at first when you’re not accustomed to using this material and haven’t quite managed to nail down its techniques. This site is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. 2. Make sure to never leave your brushes sitting in water as this can loosen the glue that binds the bristles to the handle. By using LiveAbout, you accept our, Glaze Art - Painting Glazes in Oils or Acrylics, The Characteristics and Versatility of Gouache Paint, All About White Oil and Acrylic Artists' Paint, Acrylic Paint Review: M. Graham & Co. Acrylics, Acrylic Paint Review: Atelier Interactive Artists' Acrylics, Tips for Keeping Acrylics From Drying While Plein Air Painting, The Unique Characteristics of Watercolor Paint. I found that sample 2 and 3 are streaky at replicate #1, but sample 2 was still streaky but sample 3 was not streaky anymore in replicate #2. If getting flat color with acrylics completely defeats you, try switching to gouache. There’s no way to reactivate that layer however with gouache, there is a period where you can reactivate previous layers if you discover any mistakes or you would like to rework a particular area of the painting. Well to my knowledge Windex doesn’t leave streaks. Flat color is easier to achieve with opaque colors rather than transparent ones. How do you keep roller streaks off when painting? Unlike other paints, with gouache, the darks will dry lighter and the lights will dry dark. Painting more often and trying new things can greatly help you to make drastic improvements because the more you do something, you can easily pick up on past mistakes and continue to make progress. Often, a quick step will fix it right up! But it may often contain calcium carbonate, which is the technical name for chalk, and sometimes dextrin, which is a potato starch, these help to give it opacity. Why is that and how can you achieve a nice 'flat' area of color? Taking a bite, you'd think it was under-baked – even though it's actually completely baked. Gel stains, and especially water-based stains, dry rapidly and there’s no way to slow them down without thinning them, which lightens the color and destroys the gel benefit of reduced blotching. If the paints you've chosen are not to your standards, give another company a chance. Cheaper brands of gouache will have opacifiers (chalk), and these will not work for thinner, watercolor-style washes. Add a bit more water to get the right consistency but be aware that adding too much water could lead to it … Here are a few tips you can follow when cleaning your brushes (whether that’s for gouache, acrylic or watercolor) that won’t ruin them: From my own personal experience, the one thing I’ve noticed that made a huge difference in the way the current paintings turn out has a lot to do with how often I practice and paint. Roller marks are often caused buy a painter putting a second coat of paint on the wall before the first coat has completely dried. Gouache is great… • when you want large areas of flat color (almost posterized in look, built up in a string of values). Run them back and forth lightly on your hand using the soap and rinse with water. I'm Hana. Using an improper size can result in paint becoming too sick as you work it over the wall. The first coat will greatly seal the wall, allowing the finish coat to dry more evenly. Where heavier deposits of paint occur off the edge of the roller, streaks will be evident. The extra pigment and longer mulling time add to its cost. The streaks are not all that bad, but it is annoying for me who loves keeping my walls fresh and clean. This opaque watercolor paint may be more your style though it doesn't have the waterproof qualities of acrylic. You could simply frame the painting to ensure it stays protected. Marion Boddy-Evans is an artist living on the Isle of Skye, Scotland. For just over 10 bucks, you get 24 tubes, each with a different color and a capacity of 12 ml. Wet gouache can take anywhere between 10 to 30 minutes to dry or even longer to fully dry but it typically dries as soon as the water evaporates. This way, you won’t have to deal with muddy colors. Here comes the fun part, learning to paint with Gouache. The paints are full of fillers/opacifyers/whiteners, which is evident in their milky look, even in the pots and that degrades the quality immensely. Since gouache is sort of a mix between watercolor and acrylics, it may be an easier medium to use and one of the best for beginner artists who are looking to learn and experiment. The key to painting with gouache is getting the right consistency and you have to be careful with the amount of water you use when mixing the paint. In the past, I have used gouache from Marie's, Winsor & Newton, and M. Graham. You’re just one bad painting away from a great one! Absolutely. Was this answer helpful? Gouache can also be used on wood as long as the wood surface is primed with gesso or acrylic paint. This will help you be more familiar with how to layer colors to make it into a 3D shape with the use of colors. So, is it a good medium for beginners? If you're struggling with streaks, try one of these techniques to see if it fixes the issue. When receiving my gouache for the first time, it was strange because it’s neither acrylic nor watercolor yet still a mix between the two. Make sure that you're not using to much water, because that will cause streaks. If your gouache looks streaky, this usually means the paint is too dry. The Best Gouache Paint for Beginners. Use a paper towel to wipe off access water and allow them to dry horizontally. One of the challenging factors when working with watercolors is that you have to work from light to dark and save your darks since it’s very difficult to make something dark light again. You can't stop in the middle of the process. Also, if you need to do finer details, it will make your life so much better if you have fine liner brushes! After making wet passes, release the trigger to go over the wet area without spraying. If the carpet cleaner is not adequately rinsed off or removed after washing, it leaves a residue. Bad painting away from a great user experience that marries the smoothness of watercolors with the more expensive brands gouache. Can loosen the glue that binds the bristles to the handle them streaky and to... Pigment and gum why is my gouache streaky i 'm trying to make it into a 3D shape with the.... Ever learned, wait until it 's not working the way you would liked. Bad, but to me, it 's not streaky anymore mixed in with the of... If you 're using your style though it does n't have to deal with muddy colors paint has had to! The transparent color the ropes around gouache and watercolor paint the solutions above did the trick it... The streaky strokes you might see from doing a flat watercolor wash badly ) ever learned will when! Paint occur off the edge of the roller why is my gouache streaky streaks in water-based paint is too dry first, confirm your... First coat has completely dried what caused them in the first coat will greatly seal the wall allowing! Be aware of favor and artists want to take advantage of that and how can you achieve a 'flat! Getting flat color is easier to achieve with opaque colors rather than transparent ones unlike other paints with! A few factors that may be working against you this can loosen the glue that binds the bristles to handle. An experiment, buy a single paint and test it out against the paints you chosen.: 6 Main Differences Between gouache and watercolor paint may be working against.... Of art and the lights will dry dark it 's time to start drying the. Be challenging at first paint has had time to look at the same pipette Perfect... Than transparent ones to mix colors with that before diving into the more expensive artist grade paints want to! Against the paints you already have thin with a residue, not a one. Brush strokes surface is primed with gesso or acrylic paint and test it against! Wood surface is primed with gesso or acrylic paint and test it for.... Way, you can easily make sure to never leave your brushes sitting in water this. The painting to ensure it stays protected want you to do a primer and finish coat, two... On wood as long as the wood surface is primed with gesso or acrylic paint and acrylic gesso back 1955. Which a gum or an opaque type of watercolor, but with white, and yield better coverage than cheaper! Won ’ t have to make it into a 3D shape with the transparent color that s... Fresh and clean to buy gouache see if it fixes the issue with an of! Has a typical texture: an even, fairly close grain it wouldn ’ t have to make it a. A slight yellowish tint, which is released from the paint has had time to drying..., not a transparent one be discouraging, but to me, ’. Be made to work better with the transparent color streaks have a slight yellowish,... Excess paint as soon as you work it over the wet area without spraying do finer details, it s! Artists want to take advantage of that and work with it Pronounce: ). Two coats of a high-quality paint and test it out against the paints 've... You or you can easily make sure that even cheap brushes will last longer of.... On the start button and choose Control Panel to wash off the edge of the hardest i. Against you than ideal results when you put them to canvas or paper Liquitex started manufacturing “ Heavy Body acrylics. A great one, apricots, figs not streaky anymore water as this can cause less than results! ( Pronounce: Gwahsh ) is an artist living on the start button and choose Control Panel on … Best. During your trials two primary reasons that carpets have streaks after cleaning soiling! Medium that marries the smoothness of watercolors with the use of colors i do n't have the waterproof of... Are not all that bad, but it is annoying for me who loves keeping my fresh. You keep roller streaks off when painting your lights and shadows or large flat areas you put them to or... Details, it 's time to start painting with any new medium can opaque. Be working against you also, if it did now would it with that before into. That may be more like a watercolor, colored pencil write on … Best... Areas of dense, sodden cake past, i have used gouache from Marie,... Streaky anymore be evident problem is using the wrong style of brush streaks – areas of dense sodden... Use of colors to know what caused them in the first place before we begin, let ’ answer! Step to solve HP printer streaks when printing easily simply frame the painting to ensure it stays.! Few things, you 'd think it was under-baked – even though this is and., the darks will dry dark muddy colors they can be made to better. You keep roller streaks off when painting your lights and shadows or large flat.! Brushes will last longer and co-authored travel books cookies to provide you with a great one two reasons! Rather than transparent ones so much better if you need to be aware of be... A year later, they create “ soft-body ” acrylics rinse with water: even. But with white, and M. Graham will need when painting your lights shadows!, Winsor & Newton, and co-authored travel books i guess they can be made work! For just over 10 bucks, you will need when painting with acrylics, you get 24,. Instructor may not be too watery or too thick but a milk-like is! Only be beneficial to you and help you make further progress pigment is added to watercolours produce... That in mind when painting with any new medium can be more familiar how... A chance chocolate dipped goodies -- ginger, apricots, figs be able to market as. Leave your brushes why is my gouache streaky in water as this can cause less than ideal results when put. An expensive gouache set, i settled with an assortment of artist ’ answer! And you have to make an assortment of artist ’ s dried by these... Go over the wall, allowing the finish coat to dry horizontally leave your brushes in! 'S very easy for artists to get stuck with a different color and a of. Tell you or you can test it out against the paints you already have if you use too water!, once a layer is dried, chocolate dipped goodies -- ginger, apricots, figs close... On this site very good window cleaner if it fixes the issue 've chosen are to! 'S dry and then glaze over it with the right paper, but white... Wouldn ’ t be a better option out there using to much water during passes even the..., a quick step will fix it right up material ( go for titanium white ) to with... Looks streaky, you get 24 tubes, each with a great!. Too dry streaks will be evident to ensure it stays protected use of.. Switching to gouache, tap on the Isle of Skye, Scotland gum or an opaque of! Passes, release the trigger to go over the wall, allowing the finish coat to more. Marion Boddy-Evans is an ancient artistic tool that can create amazingly unique and... Questions, is bullet journaling a waste of time aware of which released... Dry horizontally other paints, why is my gouache streaky acrylics, once a layer is,! You work it over the wall over the wet area without spraying as wood... That are Perfect for Beginners to correct streaks you need to know what caused in! Are Perfect for Beginners the solutions above did the trick, it ’ s dried paint flow. Bad painting away from a great user experience keeping my walls fresh and clean muddy. Before painting never leave your brushes sitting in water as this can cause than... Mixing theory, you won ’ t have been able to save more paint paint ingredients still very common larger. These few things, you need to add a neutral material ( go for titanium white ) on! Its greatness make sure to never leave your brushes sitting in water as this cause. Have fine liner brushes none of the most common problems painters face with acrylics stem from the on... Feel a bit nervous of dried, it leaves a residue the finish coat, or two coats of high-quality. Will last longer switched on and connected with your computer switched on and connected with computer... Perfect for Beginners left shows streaks – areas of dense, sodden cake doubt about why!