One poor soul in Madagascar made the fatal error of shooting at a sacred idol and was burnt alive on an altar by priests for his transgression. It doesn’t matter if you’re a newbie who wants something clarified, or an old hand who thinks we’ve missed something vital. You’ll know you’re looking at a variety when you see the main name followed by .var and another name. A: No. However, some people really fall in love with orchids and want to learn as much as they can. Most orchids are not heavy feeders. The resulting names might not be superior, but they are a little different to their parent orchids. Another species only found living underground in Australia has evolved to be pollinated by ants. This is known as the botanical variety and is given to an orchid that differs from the species in some dimension. Orchids will win points for being zygomorphic (meaning that the flower is symmetrical if you draw a vertical line down the middle of it). To learn more about the species below, learn how to pronounce them correctly and to see more high quality photos, click the links below to view the “All About Orchids” page from the American Orchid Society: As mentioned earlier, one of the intimidating parts of growing orchids is the vocabulary you need to pick up (at least if you want to sound like you know what you’re talking about!). These are less likely to kink and cause you problems. DANIEL LUTZ: They eat them off or, the what little slugs do is when the buds are forming, they go inside the flower and they eat the flower, so when it opens, you have little eaten spots on the lip and they ruin it, yeah. Therefore if you want to grow these orchids successfully in your own environment you’ll need to provide them with similar air flow. A shadehouse or sheltered verandah is also ideal. According to the handbook, there are four main areas that judges look at in order to select award winning orchids. Next up you need to carefully consider the environment where you’ll be keeping your orchids. The main difference is in what is called the column. Cymbidiums are prized for their long sprays of blooms, which make lovely arrangements as well as corsages. Here judges look at the shape and form of the orchid. Medicine wasn’t particularly advanced in those days, so the environment was deadly to Europeans. They grow in the ground and are usually deciduous, meaning they diminish to an underground tuber during the dry, Australian summer and then flower in cooler, moist periods. If you want long blooming orchids but end up with one that only blooms once in a blue moon you’re going to end up a little bit frustrated. Their shape will also be similar to the rest. The following orchids may originate from tropical regions, but given protection and bright, filtered sunlight, they grow well in most parts of Australia. As with many other topics, this is a little beyond the scope of this guide, but here’s a ten minute video from Shirley Bovshow that explains how to do it: We reached out to some of the top orchid growers in Australia and three people were generous enough to send us some tips to add to our guide. These type of orchids are more readily understood because they look and behave like more regular plants; that is they grow in the ground where they get their nutrients from the soil they live in. Yellow fever, typhoid and cholera took the lives of many explorers and while the natives weren’t always happy to see the Europeans, it was mosquitoes that were responsible for the greatest number of deaths. SOPHIE THOMSON: And so the next thing was water. Every month they have a benching and generally a couple shows each year! Cymbidium orchids are hardy plants and are easy to grow. It can be a little bit of work, so here’s a good tutorial from the Chicago Botanical Garden: If you start to really become interested in orchids you’ll probably want to grow more of them. National Geographic wrote a great article about how this can cause problems because orchids are fragile in their environment and depleting natural stocks can kill them off for good. A: There are lots of ways that you can kill your orchids. Orchids are among the most beautiful and unusual flowers in the world. The first thing you need to check is whether your orchid is an epiphyte or a terrestrial. If you're using organic methods like beer or other methods, or you use snail pellets - that's not my favourite thing to do, but sometimes it has to be done -because they just will destroy the spikes, slugs and snails. Here are some links to hardiness zones that will help you determine which zone you live in: Next you’ll want to consider the space you have available. You can learn more about these orchids in our “ Different types of orchids” page. Orchid Whisperer Orchid watering tutorial: Really good tutorial on potting mix and materials from Dummies, Dummies guide to diagnosing watering problems. Another facet of growing orchids that fascinates many keen orchid growers is to get involved with showing orchids and winning awards. Orchids, however, have a column in which the male and female parts are fused together. Tropics of Asia and Australia: The Spruce / Letícia Almeida The Spruce / Letícia Almeida How to Grow . A: The flowers of most orchids are safe to eat, but there are a few that can cause an upset stomach. Terrestrials are the most common type of Australian native orchids and make up 75 per cent of our native orchids. Hybrid orchids are created when the pollen of one orchid is taken and used to ‘mate’ with another. How to Grow Phalaenopsis (by Atian Tsai: 0438 108 701 or atiantsai@hotmail.com) Phalaenopsis has the most variety amongst orchids, with the most elegant arrangement of flowers on the flower spikes. Try keeping them along an east-facing window, where they'll do brilliantly. This type of orchid has pseudobulbs, swollen tubers at base of the plant that stores nutrients. Having evolved to survive in different environments means that orchids vary a lot in their appearance. In this chapter we’ll touch on a few of the topics that a serious grower would want to know, as well as providing links out to plenty of good tutorials that explain the topics in more detail. Orchids that prefer lower amounts of light typically look softer and less robust. Knowing how to care for an orchid can sometimes seem difficult. This is actually quite simple and the following video demonstrates exactly how to do it: Once you’ve completed this step, the next few steps involve some patience, as this guide explains: How to Create your own Hybrid and name it. A: There are lots of ways that orchids pollinate, we’ve covered it in some detail in part 2. Naming species orchids can be tricky enough to a beginner, but naming orchids gets a little trickier when it comes to the man-made orchids known as hybrids. You can read about more interesting ways that orchids attract pollinators in this article from the Brooklyn Botanical Garden: Unlike most other plants, many orchids grow on trees rather than the ground. Sure, they may require specialized potting mix and a certain amount of water to thrive, but this large, diverse group of plants includes many species that are easy to grow indoors. A: Terrestrial orchids are those than grow in the ground. With tens of thousands of different orchid species located all around the world it won’t come as a surprise that if you’re going to enter the world of orchid growing then you’ll also want to familiarise yourself with the basics of how botanists organise and categorise orchids. SOPHIE THOMSON: So what do they do? DANIEL LUTZ: It does. It provides the quick drainage and plentiful pockets for air that orchid roots require. (Although some subgenera are actually divided into sections). Epiphytes usually grow where there is plenty of air movement, ample light but also shade and to achieve this they are frequently found well above the ground storey in the forest from where, should they be dislodged from their host and fall to the forest floor they wither and die. It makes sense to buy them where the best examples are being shown. The genus name always comes first and is followed by the species name. There are some exceptions, but generally these orchids aren’t as high quality as you’ll be after and are aimed at people who just enjoy having them in their environment. If your environment is too hot for the orchid, they will respond by slowing their growth as well, but they may also begin to wilt and shrivel up. Orchid shows are another great source of high quality orchids. This hybrid orchid comes from the genus Phragmipedium, it is a hybrid named “Eric Young” and it’s the result of a cross between the besseae and longifolium species. He described the process of what went into collecting one species from a particular place in Colombia. As we’ve outlined in the guide, successfully growing orchids depends on a few factors such as temperature, humidity, lighting and ventilation. While not essential, a spray bottle can be used to increase humidity or to clean the leaves of your orchids. They're just a nice potting medium to assist with the bark and coco-fibre and it puts calcium into the plant - good for nice, thick spikes and nice tough leaves. Do you want to try adding something new to the mix? And while Latin may be considered a dead language to some, it certainly is alive and kicking among the sciences. All orchids need a free-draining specialist potting mix, with most based on bark chips. For Australians, the Australian Orchid Council has a list of clubs by state on their website. Epiphytes also have thick roots that are covered in a substance called. It’s not uncommon for a scientist to find a previously undiscovered orchid at the Singapore orchid market. A: Yes, orchids can live in water. Growing an orchid to maturity can take several years, so if you’re not that patient you might want to look into propagating your own orchids. But be careful with white oil in the hot weather as it can burn the plants. Orchids that prefer high amounts of light typically have thicker and more robust looking leaves. They like the same conditions as we do, temperatures in the 20' s, humidity of about 50% and shade in the summer. A couple of decades earlier, Kew botanists had finally managed to get a cockleshell orchid to bloom for the first time. Orchids in Schools; Committee; Constitution and By-Laws; Life Members; Bulletin; Gallery. East-facing windowsills are great spots for orchids; an unscreened south-facing window can be a little too bright and hot, but a sheer curtain can add just the right amount of filtering. You can find a list of the best ones to try out in the guide. © 2017 - 2020 - Flowers Across Sydney Pty Ltd, Fast forward almost a couple of millenia to the year 1810 and the. In the wild most grow as either Epiphytes (growing on the outside of other trees and shrubs on their bark) or as Lithophytes (Growing on wet cliff faces and boulders). Some coastal areas are nearly frost-free year round. Lilies on the other hand are definitely something you need to be aware of. If it’s been a while since your last high school biology course, then this will serve as a quick refresh. In this process, a pollinator takes pollen from the male part of one plant and deposits it on the female part of another plant. What Should People be Doing with their Orchids in Autumn? If the orchid is bent over or twisted in some way, that is considered less than ideal. To grow an orchid, you have to think like an orchid. Cymbidium orchids are by far the most popular orchids to be grown in Australia and in cooler climates around the world. While orchids are most frequently found in the tropics, they are found in just about every habitat on Earth. I have several phalaenopsis orchids and after reading your newsletter I want to put them outside for the summer. You always want to give yourself the largest margin of error possible. He's also the Youth Ambassador for the Botanic Gardens of Adelaide's Kitchen Garden Project. Different orchids have different blooming cycles, so you’ll want to make sure you get something that blooms when you want. To figure out how much light is in your environment, use the shadow test. A: Seeing that orchids have been growing outside for millions of years, they most certainly can. A simple wall thermometer will do the job, but orchid enthusiasts have been known to go to great lengths to monitor their temperatures and install sensors in several different areas of their homes in order to better understand the environment their orchids grow in. They make lovely houseplants, but they can also live outside year-round in tropical climates and during the late spring and summer months in areas that experience frost. Don’t plant native orchids into either soil or a normal potting mix. Vanda orchids love lots of light, as you can tell by their leaves. How to Grow Phalaenopsis (by Atian Tsai: 0438 108 701 or atiantsai@hotmail.com) Phalaenopsis has the most variety amongst orchids, with the most elegant arrangement of flowers on the flower spikes. SOPHIE THOMSON: Daniel, you may remember, is autistic, but that doesn't hold him back. (See the FAQ for why!). Many orchids bloom year after year with no … If you’re having trouble growing orchids then you need to refine your technique and figure out where you’re going wrong. Alternatively, check out the British Orchid Council. The first variable to consider is the type of pot your orchid grows in. Some people like to grow them in glass containers so they can see the orchid growing all the time. There are a few important considerations to make before you do this, however, so make sure you read through this chapter before going out and purchasing your first orchid. Orchids have a reputation for being tough-to-grow houseplants. Stand the pots on a tray of gravel and water into the tray to create humidity, making sure the roots don’t touch the gravel. (Of course, these requirements differ for each of the orchid types.) We decided to pick Bodo’s brain on all things orchids – growing them in South Australia, where to spot them in the wild, what makes these plants so special – ahead of his Demystifying Orchids Masterclass at Mount Lofty Botanic Garden on Sunday 3 September. Some people use a handheld lighter, others prefer to use rubbing alcohol and some hardcore orchid growers go as far as to buy a small, hand held blow torch. There’s a Goldilocks zone for most orchids and you’ll want to be sure you get an orchid that likes the temperature you’re going to place it in. Are you watering correctly? It would be nice to give you a quick rule of thumb for how and when to water your orchids but the truth is that it’s a little more complex. I can see that this pot has tiny little shells in it. It’s easy to picture these adventures as something from an Indiana Jones movie, but in reality a huge amount of suffering was required to supply Europe with orchids. Growing Orchids Outdoors. Pollination is a vital part of the life cycle of any plant. If you’re serious about growing orchids, you’ll need some tools to help make your work as easy as possible. If you prefer to water with a hose, then you’ll want to make sure you buy a good quality one. I have some just with pure bark in one part of the shadehouse and I have some with that coco-fibre and bark and I also have some with bark and perlite and coco-fibre. These fast-growing, fanciful flowers appear in every size, shape, and color that you can imagine. A: While orchids aren’t deadly to cats, they can make them feel sick, so it’s best to keep your cat away from orchids if possible. Renown for their ease of care, hardiness, beauty and exotic mystique, they make a perfect gift. Orchids needs a nice soft air flow but not too much of a breeze, certainly no direct heating (particularly dry heat from a heater or airconditioner) but fresh warm air to keep the flowers intact. Cymbidium orchids are by far the most popular orchids to be grown in Australia and in cooler climates around the world. If you get these sorted then you can grow orchids just about anywhere. To reach the area where the orchids were, one had to first travel by mule for ten days into the jungle. Even if your tools are safe to use, bugs can still take hold. One difficulty in doing this is that orchids tend to be slow growing. A: It really depends on the type of orchid you want to grow. In the wild, rather than sinking their roots into the soil, most orchids normally grow in trees, perched high above the rainforest floor. As the encyclopedia attests, things weren’t easy early on, but eventually these early enthusiasts were starting to get their orchids to bloom all across the country. If you only buy one tool make sure it’s a pruner. So you've got to be incredibly patient to see the results of your effort. It makes it nice and go straight up, not all flopping around, yeah. Over time your collection of orchids will grow as you start to become skilled at growing. , however, have a column in which the male and female parts are fused together. Vandas flower from spikes that emerge from the central stem and poke out between the leaves. While there are thousands of species of orchids, they’re typically put in one of two categories; epiphytes and terrestrials. If the mix has added fertiliser, reduce additional feeding for the first year. If you get the light right then Air movement is the next element as this will help the plant breath and will prevent diseases and fungal problems. These work by blowing air across a wet pad that sits in a pool of water. You can push them into a crack in a rock or you can just slide a few large rocks together, leaving the odd gap here and there for planting. You’ll see that some orchids have a third part to their name. Macquarie Island; if orchids can grow here then they can grow just about anywhere. That said, once you know what you’re looking at, the differences between orchids and other sorts of flowers are quite stark. Unfortunately, various pests and diseases also happen to like orchids. Watering might seem like a simple task, but making mistakes here is very common amongst newer growers. Here’s a good guide by Ryan Levesque on the blooming cycles of several popular orchids: Once you have your heart set on a particular species of orchid, it will be time to select your first plant. Finally, the judges will look at the size of the flower, which should be appropriate to the species. , who became the first person to make it bloom. Certain species are found within the arctic circle and two species have even been found on a small island halfway between New Zealand and Antarctica. Darwin was the first person to document the pollination process, of orchids and upon seeing a long flowered orchid (later named. Phragmipedium Eric Young (besseae x longifolium). When you’re using any of the cutting tools, whether they be scissors or secateurs, you want to make sure that the tools are sterile. No flowering plant will do well in deepest shade, and orchids are no exception. In fact, many are killed by too much kindness and water. For details about how your personal information will be handled by the ABC, please see our Privacy Collection Statement. What you need to do to ensure that your orchids are kept at the correct temperature depends on your climate and your orchid. SOPHIE THOMSON: Ok Daniel, so it's autumn and I see that some of yours are developing spikes - one of them's got a small spike. If the orchid is bent over or twisted in some way, that is considered less than ideal. Maybe not as many flowers, but they are absolutely fantastic. If you have a nice airy position, you shouldn't get it, so I sort of space them out a bit and if they get scale, you wipe it off, but you can use white oil, but you have to be careful in the hot weather. If you find yourself doing cutting work that your pruners are just a bit awkward for, then you’ll want to get your hands on some scissors. Daniel is also a collector and breeder of orchids. It provides the quick drainage and plentiful pockets for air that orchid roots require. Have a picture of past winner. Cattleyas readily grow outside of their pot. When choosing a watering can, you want to make sure that it has a spout that is not only long enough to reach all of your orchids, but also has a water breaker. Getting any of these wrong can kill your plant. 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